What is microbial compost? How to make compost

What is microbial compost? How to make compost

Micro-organic fertilizer is an organic fertilizer containing one or more useful strains of microorganisms, prepared by mixing and processing organic materials and then fermenting with micro-organisms.
This fertilizer not only provides sufficient macronutrients, medium and micronutrients for plants, dissolves inorganic substances in the soil into nutrients, but also helps to foster, improve and improve fertile, increase the amount of humus in the soil to make the soil loose, not to be soiled.

Composting also has a good impact on the habitat of soil microorganisms, helping to supplement the source of beneficial microorganisms for plants such as antagonistic fungi that help to prevent plant diseases and microorganisms. Increasing metabolism, increasing resistance and resistance to diseases, microorganisms break down and help break down difficult-to-absorb substances into easily absorbed plants.
Micro-organic fertilizer contains 15% density of organic matter and these microorganisms often have to reach ≥106 CFU / mg or CFU / ml.

Micro-organic fertilizer

A compost composted with useful fermenting microorganisms
Composted from agricultural waste, kitchen waste, manure, etc.
The density of useful microorganisms from 106
Contains nitrogen-fixing microorganisms, phospholysis, growth stimulation, antagonists of bacteria, fungi, etc.
Use by applying directly to soil

How to make compost

Step 1: Prepare organic materials: agricultural waste, kitchen waste, manure, other organic materials.
Step 2: Incubate with microbial resolution. After incubation, an organic substrate is obtained.
Step 3: Mix the probiotics package and molasses or molasses water.
Microorganisms strains for incubation Note: when stool is not sprinkled with lime powder, it will kill the microorganisms

The necessary microorganisms

Nitrogen fixation microorganisms

In the metabolism, nitrogen appears in many free or combined forms such as molecular nitrogen, proteins, amino acids, nitrates, etc. Molecular nitrogen is abundant in the air but plants are unable to assimilate directly. but rely on the ability of microorganisms to fix and convert into nutrients to be able to use this source of nitrogen. The process of reducing molecular nitrogen into usable plant nitrogen is called nitrogen fixation, which microorganisms fix nitrogen from the atmosphere and convert it into nitrogen compounds for soil and plants, creating conditions for nitrogen. improve productivity and resilience to crops while increasing soil fertility.

Microorganism break down cellulose

The source of organic substances after food processing in our country is very large such as straw, rice husk, bagasse, bran, ... these substances are the main components of cellulose. Cellulose can be hydrolyzed in an alkaline or acidic environment, but this process is costly and affects the environment. Therefore, the use of microorganisms to treat organic substances containing cellulose is being applied a lot and is highly effective.

Phosphorus microorganisms

Phosphorus-producing microorganisms are those capable of transforming difficult-to-dissolve phosphorus compounds into easy-to-use plant substances. Phosphorus-producing microorganisms have the ability to dissolve many different difficult-to-dissolve phosphorus compounds, improve the efficiency of phosphorus use for plants, facilitate productivity, and improve weather and worm tolerance. disease for plants.

Microorganisms stimulate growth

These bacteria can stimulate plant growth through the release of secondary metabolites, which facilitate the uptake of nutrients from the roots, so they are called microflora. Bacteria stimulate plant growth. These bacteria also inhibit pathogens through nutritional competition, create antibiotics or release enzymes that create resistance systems to help plants grow less pests, grow and thrive. more, thereby increasing productivity and quality of agricultural products through the seasons.

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